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Puede que no lleguemos a comprenderlo, pero hay tantos tipos diferentes de hongos ahí fuera. El reino de los hongos es enorme. Hay hongos venenosas, psicodélicas, comestibles y medicinales. Los hongos medicinales son setas comestibles clasificadas como "alimentos" por la normativa de la UE.

A medida que vamos conociendo el poder de las setas y que la ciencia respalda cada vez más pruebas sobre este fascinante reino, también siento una fuerte atracción por aclarar los conceptos erróneos que tiene la gente a la hora de entender la diferencia entre determinadas setas.

En este artículo del blog haré todo lo posible por aclarar la diferencia entre los HONOGS MEDICINALES, también conocidas como as “Functional Mushrooms”. And PSYCHEDELIC MUSHROOMS, also known as “magic mushrooms, or shrooms”

HONGOS MEDICINALES:

For thousands of years, medicinal mushrooms or “functional mushrooms” have been consumed in Eastern medicine for their benefits beyond essential nutrients. Only recently have they been recognized in the West for their powerful health benefits. A medicinal mushroom is a mushroom that contains a high amount of health-beneficial compounds and is tested to be used to fight illnesses and diseases. From certain mushrooms, they create penicillin and other antibiotics, whilst others are used for culinary dishes. Most of us have even seen some of them in our local (super) market like; Shiitake mushroom, Oyster mushroom, Maitake mushroom, and Hongo Melena de Leon.

¿QUÉ HACE QUE LOS HONGOS SEAN MEDICINALES?

Hongos Medicinales aka Functional Mushrooms are usually non-psychoactive and are accepted as immune system boosting foods, and may offer benefits beyond basic nutrition. Medicinal mushrooms support our gut health, stress management, brain, and nerve health, as well as enhance our immune system. These super mushrooms also have the potential to support energy levels and aid digestion. Medicinal mushrooms’ main health benefit is to help our body to regulate our immune system, either in suppressing an overactive immune system or in helping to build up a damaged immune system. This is important, as the immune system function is truly at the core of what makes one healthy or sick. More specifically, there are two active compounds found in abundance in medicinal mushrooms known as triterpenoides and betaglucanos

Beta-Glucans are a well-studied type of polysaccharides stimulating the immune system by activating macrophages and natural killer cell function (macrophages are those white blood cells that attack and remove foreign particles and pathogens). When lymphocytes and macrophages are activated it causes increased production of cytokines, which are the messengers of our immune system. This immune modulatory effect means that medicinal mushrooms can benefit people needing immune support and people with autoimmune disorders. Some medicinal mushrooms are so extraordinary as they contain these compounds in extremely high amounts for example Hongo Chaga.

Los triterpenoides son lípidos (grasas) que se encuentran en plantas superiores y hongos. Presentan una amplia gama de actividades biológicas, como antioxidantes, anticancerígenas, hipolipemiantes, hepatoprotectoras, antiinflamatorias, antimicrobianas y cicatrizantes, que ayudan a nuestro organismo a funcionar a un potencial superior.

Some medicinal mushrooms can be easily prepared as food, like Shiitake, and are widely available at our local market, while other less accessible ones are available as powders or extracts. To obtain most of the medicinal powers of mushrooms, it’s highly recommended to consume and extract them. With an extract, high amounts of health-beneficial compounds get extracted in the most potent form available. This can be in most cases up to 8-10 times higher, than a simply just a pulverised version of the mushroom.

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Melena de León - Chaga - Reishi

HONGOS PSICODÉLICOS:

Los hongo psicodélicos, también conocidas como setas mágicas o champiñones, son setas silvestres o cultivadas que contienen psilocibina, una sustancia natural psicoactivo and hallucinogenic compound. There are more than 180 varieties of mushrooms that contain this compound and are found all over the world. Psilocybin is considered one of the most well-known psychedelics, that can make you see, hear, and feel sensations that seem real but are not. When ingested, psilocybin turns into psilocin in the body. Psilocin is able to cross the blood-brain barrier and bind to serotonin receptors.

Psychedelic mushrooms have been used for thousands of years by tribes around the world for both spiritual and medicinal practises, aiding as a tool to enter altered states of consciousness. for example the Aztecs called psilocybin mushrooms Teonanacatlque significa "carne de Dios". La conexión con Dios y estos hongos subraya la importancia de estas setas en su cultura.

In many countries around the world, psychedelic mushrooms are still illegal and are classified as Schedule 1 drugs under the United Nations 1971 Convention on Psychotropic Substances, signifying that they have a high potential for abuse and serve no medical purpose. However, more and more studies are coming out providing profound evidence that the use of these psychedelic mushrooms has a positive effect on people who battle depression. You could potentially say that psychedelic mushrooms are also medicinal mushrooms.

Si esta entrada del blog te ha inspirado de un modo u otro y no has visto la fantástica película "Hongos fantásticos"te recomiendo encarecidamente que lo hagas. Este documental de Netflix te llevará de viaje por el mágico, misterioso y medicinal mundo de los hongos y su poder para curar, sostener y contribuir a la regeneración de la vida en la Tierra que comenzó hace 3.500 millones de años.

fantastic fungi

https://fantasticfungi.com/

Try combining your favourite medicinal mushroom with Ceremonial Cacao. Haz clic en este enlace para ver la colección completa de Herbal Cacao.

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COLO CAFÉ con el hongo Chaga & AMARILLO con el hongo Melena de León

Thank you for reading my blog post in our Herbal Cacao Journal. 

Feel free to share this post with anyone who you might think can benefit from reading this.

Sharon Fernie (Founder of Herbal Cacao)

Con amor, 

Sharon Fernie, Founder Herbal Cacao

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